Should you furnish your buy-to-let property or let tenants bring their own kit? We weigh up the options.
The first thing to understand is that there are no strict rules guiding whether a landlord should furnish a property.
It's completely up to you whether you offer it with nothing but bare walls and floorboards, or every possible kind of furniture, appliance, tools, kitchenware, bathroom scales and magic lanterns.
Nevertheless, the decision to let a property furnished or unfurnished will make a difference to your chances of finding a tenant and the kind of tenant you will attract.
Letting a furnished property
Smaller properties are more often furnished and typically attract younger, more mobile tenants.
The pros include:
- You may let the property quicker than an unfurnished property because (generally) there are more tenants looking for furnished lettings
- When the tenancy ends, you can use the furniture yourself or offer it to future tenants
- You can deduct a percentage of the cost of the goods from your tax liability. Deductible expenses include both the cost of the replacement item and costs of disposal of the old item.
Letting an unfurnished property
In general, landlords with larger apartments or houses tend to let them unfurnished, since tenants are likely to be older and may have families, along with their own furniture.
The pros include:
- Tenants who buy their own furniture may stay for longer, since they have made an investment and moving could be complex and expensive
- Tenants may be happier with their own furniture and less problematic for you
- You are not responsible for insuring tenants' furniture or any other items they bring into the property
- You have no concerns over wear and tear if the property is let unfurnished
Letting a part-furnished property
A third option is to let a property part-furnished, which is a term completely open to your interpretation.
You could put in everything except beds (since many tenants have their own), or you could show the property to potential tenants, offering them the choice of whether to have additional furniture or not.
Lettings agents favour this option, since it gives the greatest flexibility and makes it easier to find tenants.
Ideally, there should be enough furniture that the property looks 'lived in' and functional, but not so much that the place is cluttered. Having too much of a landlord's furniture crammed into a property is off putting.
Some landlords have a range of properties, allowing them to spread their furniture around. Others hire warehouse space to store furniture in case it is needed in future.
Other aspects to consider
You are not legally obliged to take out contents insurance on the furniture and other items in a rental property, but you are well advised to do so.
A common practice is to hire an inventory agent who will make a detailed list of everything in the property before the tenancy starts.
When the tenancy ends, the agent will return to check that everything is still there and make a note of any damage or wear and tear.
There are rules of thumb guiding how much a landlord can charge a tenant, for example, for stains on carpets or chipped crockery.
You are not allowed to charge tenants the full cost of replacing items suffering from normal wear and tear.
See the Association of Residential Letting Agents information pages for more details.
Not all insurance companies offer insurance for tenanted properties and those that do will commonly charge a premium over contents insurance for your own (non tenanted) property.
And if your property changes status, from owner-occupied to tenanted, it is the landlord's responsibility to inform the insurance company. Otherwise a future claim could be invalidated.
Letting agents recommend that you carry out a Portable Appliance Test, which ensures that all your electrical goods are in good order and are safe.
This is not a legally required test, but is helpful to assure potential tenants that you take their safety seriously.
Furniture, however, must conform to the legal fire resistant standard - all fabric furniture such as sofas and armchairs must have labels proving that they meet this standard.
Council tax exemptions
There are two types of council tax exemptions that you can apply for, regarding unoccupied properties.
- Class C exemption applies to unoccupied, unfurnished properties. The exact level differs from one council to another, but in many cases it is a 100 per cent discount, running for a maximum of six months.
After the six months has elapsed, if the property is occupied for at least six weeks, then a further Class C exemption can be applied for.
- If the property is furnished, you can apply for an unoccupied discount. Again, this varies from council to council. Some will offer 10 per cent, others 50 per cent.
The discount runs up to the end of the tax year and you may have to reapply for the following year, after 31 March.
Contact your local council tax information office to get specific details of what discounts apply to your property.
Income tax issues
If you let furnished property, the 'renewals basis' introduced in 2016 means you can reclaim tax for replacing a particular item of furniture, but not the original cost of the item. It includes furniture, furnishings, appliances and kitchenware.
Some letting agents think that they can achieve slightly higher rents from furnished property than unfurnished - somewhere between 5 and 10 per cent - but most argue that flexibility is key.
The best thing is to offer whatever arrangement meets the needs of your customers.
You might also be interested in...
- Guide to insuring your investment property
- Tenant and landlord rights
- Guide to being a landlord
- How to deal with problem tenants
- How to let your property to students
- Guide to letting a property
Some information contained herein may have changed since it was first published. PrimeLocation strongly advises you to seek current legal and/or financial advice from a qualified professional.